Mahatma Gandhi

In BIOGRAPHY
May 19, 2024
Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi

An important player in India’s fight for independence from British control was Mahatma Gandhi (1869–1948). The following are some lesser-known tidbits about his life, accomplishments, triumphs, and setbacks:

Successes:

1. Using nonviolent resistance to lead India to freedom.
2. Motivating global civil rights movements, such as the one led by Martin Luther King Jr.
3. Fostering indigenous industries, or Swadeshi, and swaraj, or self-rule.
4. Fighting for social justice and women’s rights.
5. Fasting, such as a 21-day fast in 1924, in support of peace and unification.

Achievements:

1. Salt March (1930): Arranged a 24-day demonstration against the salt tax, garnering attention from across the globe.
2. The Quit India Movement (1942) provoked large-scale demonstrations by demanding an end to British rule.
3. The Non-Cooperation Movement (1920–1922) pushed Indians to shun British institutions and products.
4. Led a successful peasant uprising against British indigo planters in 1917 with the Champaran Satyagraha.
5. The 1918 Ahmedabad Mill Strike improved working conditions by promoting workers’ rights.

Errors:

1. India’s 1947 Partition: Despite efforts, India was split into Pakistan and India, which resulted in extensive violence.
2. World War II: Gandhi was unable to convince Britain to give independence while the country was at war.
3. Unity between Hindus and Muslims: Gandhi made an attempt, but he was not successful in bridging the gap between Muslims and Hindus.
4. Assassination: On January 30, 1948, Hindu nationalist Nathuram Godse killed Gandhi.
5. Caste system criticisms: Despite Gandhi’s vocal opposition to the system, some contend he didn’t do enough to topple it.

Unknown facts about Gandhi’s life:

1. Early years: Gandhi was an ordinary, bashful student who found it difficult to speak in front of an audience.
2. The London Years: While pursuing his legal studies in London, Gandhi was impacted by the civil disobedience theories of Henry David Thoreau.
3. South Africa: Gandhi developed his political and social activities throughout his 21 years there.
4. Austere lifestyle: Gandhi lived in ashrams and spun his fabric, adopting a modest way of life.
5. Diet and health experimentation: Gandhi tried a variety of diets and was an advocate of natural medicines.

Gandhi’s legacy is intricate and varied, representing both his outstanding accomplishments and the difficulties he encountered while working to create a society that is more just and equal.

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Shagufta Naz is a Multi-disciplinary Designer who is leading NewzFlex Product Design Team and also working on the Strategic planning & development for branded content across NewzFlex Digital Platforms through comprehensive research and data analysis. She is currently working as the Principal UI/UX Designer & Content-writer for NewzFlex and its projects, and also as an Editor for the sponsored section of NewzFlex.

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